Category: Skin Diseases

Nov 04

Hirsutism

Hirsutism is the growth of terminal (thick) hair in male pattern in females. It is often, but not always, a manifestation of hyperandrogenism. Basics: Androgens have a profound effect on many components of the skin like the hair, sebaceous glands (oil glands), apocrine glands (responsible for normal body odour), dermal collagen and subcutaneous fat. Androgens …

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Nov 04

Alopecia

Alopecia areata is a condition presenting with symptomless, well circumscribed, smooth, bald patches. It is often noticed by chance by a parent, spouse, hair dresser or a friend. It usually starts on the scalp and may involve beard region or some times the whole body. Progression of the disease is varied. In a few cases, …

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Nov 04

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder caused by the disappearance of pigment cells from the epidermis, and results in well defined white patches that are often symmetrically distributed. It is a cosmetically disfiguring and stigmatizing condition that may lead to psychological problems in daily life. It occurs worldwide in about 1% of the population and …

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Nov 04

Skin Infections

Common skin infections could be of viral, fungal and bacterial origin. All these conditions are curable, provided they are diagnosed rightly at the right time and treated. Viral | Bacterial | Fungal Viral Infections: Molluscum contagiosum Viral warts Herpes infections Viral exanthems Bacterial Infections: Impetigo Folliculitis Furuncle (Boil) Erysepelas Cellulitis Abscess Fungal Infections: Pityriasis versicolor …

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Nov 04

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterised by a relapsing and remitting course. It manifests as pink, scaly, raised lesions on the elbows, knees, lower back and scalp along with certain nail changes like pitting, discolouration, subungual hyperkeratosis and onycholysis in about 25-50% of the cases. In 5-10% of patients, the disease …

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Nov 04

Eczema

Eczema is the most common skin condition seen in day-to-day practice. It is a pattern of inflammatory response (dermatitis) of the skin characterised by itching, redness, flaking of the skin and raised, fluid filled lesions (papules and vesicles). The condition may be induced by a wide variety of external and internal factors acting alone or …

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