Category: Cosmetic Problems

Nov 04

Skin Growths

Common tumors/growths that are come across on the face and trunk are: Benign: Seborrhoeic keratosis Dermatosis papillosa nigra Skin tags (acrochordon) Warts Melanocytic naevi (moles) Cherry angioma Syringoma (Sweat gland tumor) Malignant: Basal cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Malignant melanoma Seborrhoic Keratosis: It is a common, benign tumor of the top layer (epidermis) of the …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Nail Disorders

Common problems affecting the nail unit (nail and the skin around and under the nail) are: Paronychia: It is the painful swelling of the nail fold; it can be acute or chronic. Acute paronychia: Usually caused by bacterial infection following trauma to the nail folds Chronic paronychia: Caused by fungal infection; secondary to the destruction …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Sweat Disorders

Excessive sweating (Hyperhydrosis), bad body odour (Bromhydrosis) and colouring of sweat (chromhydrosis) are common sweat gland related problems. Hyperhydrosis can be generalized or localized to palms, soles and axillae. Generalised Hyperhydrosis: There is a marked physiologic variation in the amount of sweating from person to person. Commonly, generalised hyperhydrosis is seen during attacks of fever; …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Xerosis

Water is essential to maintain skin plasticity and barrier integrity. Xerosis or dryness of the skin is the result of decreased water content in the stratum corneum which leads to abnormal desquamation of the corneocytes (top-most layer of the skin). For the skin to appear and feel normal, the water content of this layer should …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Ageing Skin

Aging is a dynamic process; as we age several changes occur in our skin. These changes are induced by either intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Intrinsic aging is a natural process of everyone’s skin and the severity of some elements of intrinsic aging have genetic basis allowing some people’s skin age more than others. However the …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Pigmentation

Pigmentation disorders are disfiguring and disturbing. Hyperpigmented patches in the form of lentigines, melasma, post-acne pigmentation and peri-orbital hypermelanosis are the ones that are commonly come across. Lentigines: These are small, 2-5mm size, dark brown to tan coloured lesions seen on the skin. They can occur both on the sun-exposed and sun-protected skin. In the …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Hair Loss

Hair loss is a very common problem and the concern a patient shows for hair fall is usually out of proportion to the magnitude of hair loss. When the patient is convinced of hair loss, even normal loss of 50 to 100 per day causes anxiety. Therefore reassurance forms the mainstay of management of hair …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Dandruff

Flaking of the skin on the scalp is called dandruff. It is a papulosquamous disorder with distinctive distribution and characteristic morphology. Severe variety of dandruff, characterised by redness, scaling and itching, is called seborrhoic dermatitis [SD]. It affects about 3-5% of general population, but the life time incidence may be much higher. Men are more …

Continue reading

Nov 04

Acne Vulgaris

Acne (Pimples) is a common problem seen after puberty, leading to distress, discomfort and disfigurement. Acne is increasingly being attributed to diet and lifestyle changes, and dietary modification has a major role in the management of acne. It is caused by many factors: Sebacious glands (oil glands of the skin) activity under the influence of …

Continue reading